Paramedic Decision Making in Cardiac Arrest

Commence, Cease, Withold?


You are invited to participate in a research survey on the decision-making process of Paramedics in the prehospital setting. This survey will take approximately 10-15 minutes of your time.

This study is exploring the decision-making process used in starting, withholding and ceasing attempted resuscitation of Adult Non-Traumatic Cardiac Arrest Patients.

The study is open to paramedics, student paramedics, and other healthcare professionals. The research forms the core of a Bachelor of Science (Honours) through Charles Sturt University.

Participants who successfully complete the survey can opt-in to be entered into a random draw to win a 64GB iPad Mini.


The Research Team

Lead Researcher: Michael is a currently practicing paramedic and graduate of Charles Sturt University Bachelor of Clinical Practice (Paramedic), who has a strong interest in paramedic lead research, clinical decision making and coffee. This research forms the basis of a Bachelor of Science (Honours) through CSU.

Supervisory Team: Ms Sonja Maria & Mr Toby Keene.



Thanks for your interest in the research. If you have any questions regarding the project, we’d love to hear from you.

If you wish to contact either of the supervisors for this project, they can be reached via their respective emails; |

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1. What is the purpose of this survey?

This research forms part of a Bachelor of Science (Honours) Program at CSU. The research aims to explore paramedic decision making in Out of Hospital Adult Cardiac Arrest.

2. Why have I been invited to participate?

You have been invited to participate as you have been identified as an individual that may be eligible within the targeted demographic.

3. What does this survey involve?

If you agree to participate, you will be invited to complete this survey online, which will take around 15 minutes. We will ask you questions regarding demographics, and your decision-making process for adults in cardiac arrest.

4. Are there risks and benefits to me in taking part?

The risks associated with this survey include impact on mental health - such as reflecting on previous experiences. While this risk is inherent in everyday paramedic practice, if you are concerned you should consider carefully about completing the survey. The benefits will allow us to report on a paramedic's decision making and their understanding of the evidence, as well as their concerns with the process.

5. How is this survey being paid for?

This survey has minimal costs which are being paid for by the researchers, as well as a grant from CSU Faculty of Science.

6. Will taking part in this survey cost me anything, and will I be paid?

No, being involved does not cost you anything. You will not be paid.

7. What if I don't want to take part in this survey?

Participation in this online survey is entirely your choice. Only those people who give their consent will be included. By clicking the finish button at the conclusion of the survey you give permission to the researcher to use your answers as data for their study.

8. What if I participate and want to withdraw later?

As this online survey is completed anonymously we do not keep a record of your personal information. As such, unfortunately, we do not have the ability to remove it.

9. What will happen to the information that I give you?

We will be producing a report from our data that is collected via the survey. This information will be used to write a research paper which will be submitted to fulfill the requirements of a Bachelor of Science (Honours).

10. What should I do if I want to discuss this survey further before I decide?

If you would like further information please contact any of the researchers via the email in the contact section.

11. Who should I contact if I have concerns about the ethical conduct of this survey?

Charles Sturt University’s Human Research Ethics Committee has approved this project. If you have any complaints or reservations about the ethical conduct of this project, you may contact the Committee on (02) 6338 4628 or  Any issues you raise will be treated in confidence and investigated fully, and you will be informed of the outcome.